Technology has played a huge role in the advancement in not only what products are offered to customers and consumers but also how they are produced. In modern history there are four widely recognised “industry revolutions” that have helped to shaped the world over the centuries.

The Analogue Age:

Industry 1.0 - The industrial revolution started in the UK in the late 1700's

Industry 2.0 - Mechanisation partly through the introduction of electricity in manufacturing plants

The Digital Age:

Industry 3.0 - Incorporation of electronic and computer technology into production equipment

The Smart Age:

Industry 4.0 - Interconnectivity and information transparency between equipment​, decentralized decisions, remote assistance, self-monitoring, auto adjusting originated in Germany in 2011.

Much of what Industry 4.0 has indicated is achievable but has not been realised by the majority of manufacturing organisations. This is due to several factors including:

  • Traditionally CAPEX investment cycles don’t make a strong enough business case

  • Organisations want to “sweat” their existing assets as much as possible

  • Perception that benefits only truly come to life when a whole production line is connected

  • Different equipment OEMs have different machine languages making integration into existing equipment landscapes a challenge


We work with clients to frame their ambitions for new production technologies and make sure any ambitions for a step change in production performance support wider business objectives.


Working in cross functional teams we ensure that any newly identified technologies (physical or digital) solve a challenge faced by the organisation and or bring significant positive impact to productivity.

Concepts are developed which may combine different technologies into one system for individual or multiple production process steps. These concepts are assessed against performance and implementation levers, plotted on a roadmap and prioritised with the top concepts taken forward into the development of robust business cases.

After business case sign off we support clients with implementation through our Effective Capex service offering to take each project from development through to roll out and commissioning of the new physical and or digital technologies for a line, site and even globally.